View Park−Windsor Hills is an unincorporated community in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The View Park neighborhood is on the north end of the community along Angeles Vista Boulevard and the Windsor Hills neighborhood is on the southern end to the north of Slauson Avenue.
View Park−Windsor Hills is one of the wealthiest primarily African-American areas in the United States. The two neighborhoods are part of a band of neighborhoods, from Culver City‘s Fox Hills district on the west to the Los Angeles neighborhood of Leimert Park on the east, that compose the single largest and one of the wealthiest, best-educated, and geographically contiguous historically black communities in the western United States. This corridor also includes Baldwin Hills and Ladera Heights neighborhoods. It was founded in the late 1930s.
The population was 11,075 at the 2010 census, up from 10,958 at the 2000 census. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined View Park−Windsor Hills as a census-designated place (CDP). The census definition of the area may not precisely correspond to local understanding of the area.
View Park was developed between 1923-1970 as a high-upper-class neighborhood akin to the style of Cheviot Hills, Bel-Air, Brentwood, Carthay Circle, and Studio City by the Los Angeles Investment Company. Along with neighboring Ladera Heights and Baldwin Hills, it is one of the wealthiest African-American areas in the United States. It contains a collection of houses and mansions in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles, most of which remain today. View Park architecture features the work of many notable architects, such as the Los Angeles Investment Company, Postle & Postle, R. F. Ruck, Paul Haynes, Leopold Fischer, H. Roy Kelley, Raphael Soriano, Charles W. Wong, Robert Earl, M.C. Drebbin, Vincent Palmer, Theodore Pletsch and Homer C. Valentine. It is also rumored that renowned African American architect, Paul Williams had built several homes in View Park. The only documented Paul Williams home in View Park is located on Mount Vernon Drive.
On July 12, 2016, View Park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, an initiative led by View Park Conservancy in which almost 700 View Park residents donated over $100,000 to complete the tedious historic work needed to complete the neighborhood’s nomination. View Park is the largest National Register historic district in the Country based on African American history and the largest in California in terms of total property owners.
Windsor Hills underwent development in the late 1930s. It was developed by Marlow-Burns Development Company; aimed at the high upper-class neighborhood akin to the style of Bel-Air and Beverly Glen. It was the first subdivision in Southern California for which the newly created Federal Housing Administration provided mortgage insurance. It also contains a collection of houses and mansions in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles. African-Americans were forbidden residence in either area until the Supreme Court‘s invalidation of racially restrictive covenants in 1948.
- Ray Charles Residence at 4863 Southridge Avenue. The home was built in 1965.
- The Googie-style Wich Stand now known as Simply Wholesome is located at Slauson Avenue and Overhill Avenue.
- Los Angeles Urban League headquarters
- The Doumakes House. The first historic landmark in unincorporated LA County at Angeles Vista Blvd and West Blvd.
The 2010 United States Census reported that View Park−Windsor Hills had a population of 11,075. The population density was 6,012.6 people per square mile (2,321.5/km²). The racial makeup of View Park−Windsor Hills was 669 (6.0%) White (4.2% Non-Hispanic White), 9,392 (84.8%) African-American, 45 (0.4%) Native American, 147 (1.3%) Asian, 4 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 244 (2.2%) from other races, and 574 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 720 persons (6.5%).
The Census reported that 10,999 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 14 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 62 (0.6%) were institutionalized.
There were 4,535 households, out of which 1,246 (27.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,704 (37.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 985 (21.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 276 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 166 (3.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 38 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,354 households (29.9%) were made up of individuals and 575 (12.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43. There were 2,965 families (65.4% of all households); the average family size was 2.97.
The population was spread out with 2,090 people (18.9%) under the age of 18, 755 people (6.8%) aged 18 to 24, 2,286 people (20.6%) aged 25 to 44, 3,586 people (32.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,358 people (21.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.0 males.
There were 4,777 housing units at an average density of 2,593.4 per square mile (1,001.3/km²), of which 3,275 (72.2%) were owner-occupied, and 1,260 (27.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 8,297 people (74.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,702 people (24.4%) lived in rental housing units.